Saturday, February 17, 2018

                         MAKE  MURDOCH  OP-ED  WRITERS

In Defense of Carbon Dioxide

The demonized chemical compound is a boon to plant life and has little correlation with global temperature.

By Harrison H. Schmitt  And  William Happer

Of all of the world's chemical compounds, none has a worse reputation than carbon dioxide. Thanks to the single-minded demonization of this natural and essential atmospheric gas by advocates of government control of energy production, the conventional wisdom about carbon dioxide is that it is a dangerous pollutant. That's simply not the case.

 Contrary to what some would have us believe, increased carbon dioxide in the atmosphere will benefit the increasing population on the planet by increasing agricultural productivity...

Recent excavations suggest these Heartland Institute  elder  statesmen are at odds with The Wisdom Of The Ancients:

Archaeological & Anthropological Sciences 12 February 2018

Deadly  CO gases  in  the Plutonium  of  Hierapolis

        (Denizli, Turkey)

  • Hardy Pfanz
  • Galip Yüce
  • Ahmet H. Gulbay
  • Ali Gokgoz 
  • Using a portable gas analyzer system, the geogenic gas regime below and around an ancient gate to hell at Hierapolis/Phrygia was characterized. The site was first described by Strabo and Plinius as a gate to the underworld. During centuries, it attracted even ancient tourists. In a grotto below the temple of Pluto, CO2 was found to be at deadly concentrations of up to 91%. Astonishingly, these vapors are still emitted in concentrations that nowadays kill insects, birds, and mammals...

    They reach concentrations during the night that would easily kill even a human being within a minute. These emissions are thought to reflect the Hadean breath and/or the breath of the hellhound Kerberos guarding the entrance to hell. 
    The origin of the geogenic CO2 is the still active seismic structure that crosses the old town of ancient Hierapolis as part of the Babadag fracture zone. Our measurements confirm the presence of geogenic CO2 in concentrations that explain ancient stories of killed bulls, rams, and songbirds during religious ceremonies. They also strongly corroborate that at least in the case of Hierapolis, ancient writers like Strabo or Plinius described a mystic phenomenon very exactly without much exaggeration. 
    As Colin Burras observes in Science:

    This Roman 'gate to hell' killed its victims with a cloud of deadly carbon dioxide

    Rediscovered just 7 years ago, the gate to hell at the ancient city of Hierapolis, in modern-day Turkey, is a stone doorway leading to a small cave-like grotto. The gate was built into one wall of a rectangular, open-aired arena, topped by a temple and surrounded by raised stone seating for visitors. The city itself sits in one of the region’s most geologically active areas; 2200 years ago, its thermal springs were believed to have great healing powers. But a deep fissure running beneath Hierapolis constantly emits volcanic carbon dioxide, which pours forth as a visible mist. The gate—also known as the Plutonium, for Pluto, the god of the underworld—is built directly above it. In 2011, archaeologists showed that the gate is still deadly: Birds that fly too close suffocate and die.
    Now, a research team led by volcano biologist Hardy Pfanz at the University of Duisburg-Essen in Germany has studied the shrine’s killing potential in greater detail.  Pfanz and his colleagues measured the CO2 concentration in the arena over time. 
    During the day, the sun’s warmth dissipates the gas. But at night the gas—slightly heavier than air—billows out and forms a CO2 “lake” on the sheltered arena floor. It is particularly deadly at dawn, when the  CO2  concentration  40 centimeters above the arena floor reaches  35%, enough to asphyxiate and kill animals or even people within a few minutes, Pfanz says.

    Thursday, February 15, 2018



    Bringing Back the Woolly Mammoth Has Already Had an Unintended Consequence

    But it’s positive.

    There has been no shortage of buzz about George Church’s work to bring back the woolly mammoth using CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing. It has been the subject of articles and books and soon will be in a feature film. But well before we learn whether Church’s team can pull off the feat, they’ve already produced a surprising unintended consequence. They could save some of today’s endangered elephants from following their hairy cousins into extinction.
    In order to reverse the mammoth  extinction, the scientists need to edit cells from a fairly close living relative, Asian elephants. When Church’s team looked into elephant biology, they learned that a strain of herpes — called elephant endotheliotropic herpesvirusor EEHV — is killing young calves in captivity and in the wild. EEHV is the leading cause of death for captive elephants between ages 1 and 8 in North America and Europe. More than a dozen cases of infection have been identified in India, Thailand, and Cambodia, but the incidence could be even higher, as it can be difficult to monitor infections in the wild, where the number of Asian elephants has been cut in half in the past century. Unlike in humans, herpes kills young elephants within a few days to a week. Once in the bloodstream it starts breaking blood vessels, causing organs to bleed until the hemorrhaging turns fatal.
    Virologist Paul Ling directs a leading research center for EEHV at Baylor College of Medicine. He and his colleagues monitor elephants at the neighboring Houston Zoo on a weekly basis by looking for viral particles in their blood and trunk mucous. If discovered early enough, it can be treated with antiviral drugs. Not all treatments are successful, so they’re looking to develop a vaccine. Ling has sequenced the genome of one strain, EEHV1, the one causing 90 percent of the elephant deaths. But development of a vaccine could be accelerated if scientists can culture it — get it to replicate — in a lab so they can better study how EEHV1 makes elephants susceptible to it. That work had not yet happened, though, until Church’s team followed their interest in de-extinction right to Ling’s lab door.
    Bobby Dhadwar, a post-doctoral researcher in Church’s lab, is assembling EEHV1 particles that Ling gave him from infected elephants in order to culture it in the lab. The assembly is nearly completed. If he can get the virus to culture in a dish, he’ll use CRISPR-Cas9 to modify it. The change he wants to make: disable the genes that create proteins that lead to infection. Elephants could then be inoculated with a dose of this doctored virus, if proven safe.
    Ling has his eye on other approaches for treatment as well, but if anyone cultures the virus, “it would be fantastic,” he says. He’d be able to use cells in a dish to assess the effectiveness of different herpes drugs and vaccines directly rather than relying on indirect tests in elephants.
    Dhadwar, meanwhile, is already looking beyond the zoo and investigating similar CRISPR-Cas9 possibilities for the human herpes virus, which affects billions worldwide. He chalks the new direction in the Church lab up to a fortunate surprise: “Without the woolly mammoth work and the de-extinction work, I would not be doing this. It wouldn’t have crossed my desk at all.”

    Wednesday, February 14, 2018

        'Tis The Season To Throw  Another  Baby  Bunny  On  The Barbie

    It's all the other saint Gregory's fault.
    Cruelty to  rabbits is always with us, and it has long been assumed  that raising  them  for  meat   in  cunicularia  became  a  medieval  growth industry after Pope Gregory  declared it  lawful  to eat  laurices- fetal or new-born  bunnies,  during  Lent,  the  theory  being that since  unborn rabbits were aswim in amniotic fluid, they must be fish. 

    Denialists who deem climate science an inferior  branch of metaphysics may hail this as  the  Wisdom of the Ancients,  but were there  really enough  fast days  to foster a medieval  bunny-fetus industry?  You bet- about 180 a year.

    But now that molecular biology has been brought to bear on this curious bunny  tale,  it  appears  the vegan-unfriendly story has got its saints crossed along with its genes.

    Whole thing at :

    Sunday, February 11, 2018


    A never before western published paleoclimate study from China suggests warmer temperatures in the past

    Vanguard of the Coaletariat studying glorious sayings of  Chairman Watts   
    People send me stuff. Today in my inbox, WUWT regular Michael Palmer sends this note:
    My wife Shenhui Lang found and translated an interesting article from 1973 that attempts the reconstruction of a climate record for China through several millennia 
    The paper is interesting in that it shows a correlation between height of the Norwegian snow line and temperature in China for the last 5000 years.

    A  Preliminary Study on the Climatic Fluctuation during the last 5000 years in China
    Zhu Kezhen
    Published in China Daily, June 19th, 1973 / translated by Shenhui Lang, PhD

    Chairman  Mao  taught  us  that 
    “In  the fields of  the struggle for production and  scientific experiment, mankind makes constant progress and nature undergoes constant change, they never remain at the same level. 

    Therefore, man has constantly to sum up experience and go on discovering, inventing, creating and advancing. 
    Ideas of stagnation, pessimism, inertia and complacency are all wrong. 

    They are wrong because they agree neither with the historical facts of social development over the past million years, nor with the historical facts of nature so far known to us ... This idealistic type of argument has been proven wrong based on the Chinese historical records.
    There are abundant records of meteorology and phenology in the Chinese historical documents, which unfortunately are scattered. This article is a preliminary analysis of the climate change based on the available historical records, hoping to draw an outline of the major trend of climate change in the past 5000 years in china.

    Saturday, February 10, 2018


    Weekly Climate and Energy News Roundup #302

    THIS WEEK:  By Ken Haapala,  President, 
    Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP)
    Quote of the WeekThe sun, with all those planets revolving around it and dependent on it, can still ripen a bunch of grapes as if it had nothing else in the universe to do. – Galileo Galilei
    Solar Changes:
    The Canadian Center of Science and Education 
    published a paper by researchers at National Astronomical Observatories of the Chinese Academy of Sciences estimating changing solar activity during the Holocene period, going back almost 12,000 years. They do so by estimating sunspot activity from 9455 BC to 1895 AD...
    Their analysis indicates a cyclical variation in solar activity of roughly 500 years, [Note, a 500-year solar activity cycle that includes sunspot cycles with changing amplitude, is not inconsistent with the 1,500-year cycle described in the book by Fred Singer and Dennis Avery.]
    The publisher is  a fairly notorious vanity press :

    This episode recalls both Willie Soon's Chinese pay-for-play journal productions, and  SEPP founder Fred Singer's  bogus 2013 claim  of endorsement of  his Heartland Institute NIPPC report  by the  Chinese  Academy of  Sciences.

    Heartland sent Singer to Beijing to launch its (paid) translation, and there he advertised that:
    The Chinese Academy Of Science 
    will present the new publication in a 
    'Ceremony of Climate Change Reconsidered and the Workshop on International Climate Change Science Viewpoints' 

    But the Academy presented absolutely nothing- Heartland had merely hired its translation service to render  the report in Mandarin, and the unauthorized  'ceremony'  consisted in Singer adressing an empty hotel room. When the actual  Chinese Academy discovered this  charade, it demanded a retraction and apology.:

    "The claim of the Heartland Institute about

     Chinese Academy of Science endorsement

     of its report is completely false.

     If the Heartland Institute does not withdraw its false news or refuse to apologize, all the consequences and liabilities should be borne by the Heartland Institute."

    Here they go again-

    Friday, February 9, 2018

                         THE  HOTHOUSE  EFFECT  ON  STEROIDS

    Discover  notes that When Japan’s Akatsuki spacecraft closed in on Venus seven years ago, its main engine failed, and  the spacecraft overshot the planet and barreled into a solar orbit.  

    But failed engine aside, the spacecraft was fine. So five years later, when it came back from behind the sun,  the mission's engineers used a separate set of thrusters to slow Akatsuki into an elliptical orbit around the planet. 

    It is now snapping photos in ultraviolet and infrared light, revealing unprecedented details of the dynamic weather patterns in the dense -  96% CO2 at 1200 psi surface pressure  - atmosphere of  Venus. Denilaist given to claiming that optical saturation by extra CO2 will limit earthy warming should note that  Venus sports surface temperatures high enough to melt lead and boil mercury.

    The Japanese space agency  images have been processed by  French illustrator Damia Bouic into the dramatic photographs posted on her blog.

                                THIS  IS  YOUR  BRAIN  ON  TOFU 


    Thursday, February 8, 2018


    Jellyfish blooms.. are seen as a signal that the oceans have been overwarmed... discussed as if they had the potential to culminate in ecophagy, the devouring of an ecosystem in gross. The vision—is of the planet’s oceans transformed into something like an aspic terrine … 

    In Spineless: The Science of Jellyfish and the Art of Growing a Backbone, Juli Berwald embarks on a mission that leads her to challenge the way blooms are popularly characterized...

    Perhaps the most complex issue Berwald takes on is jellyfish blackouts… electrical outages caused by jellyfish sucked into the intake pipes and cooling systems of coal-fired and nuclear power stations… The significance of such damage will only increase as on-land freshwater resources degrade and electricity demand grows. In cities experiencing greater temperature extremes, blackouts expose particularly consequential frailties—refrigeration, air-conditioning and heating, and transportation all matter more in hard weather…

    Berwald travels to the Mar Menor lagoon which had become so jellified in 2002 that “you couldn’t drive a boat through the water.”

    ... after finishing Spineless, I caught the train to the Sea Life Aquarium to see Britain’s feted “largest jellyfish experience,” in the “Ocean Invaders” exhibit... 
    kids were elbowing one another aside for a... wall cavity emitting purple light and draped with plastic tentacles... to experience a pretend jellyfish sting 

    A motion sensor set off the sounds of electric shock, zzz, zzz, and then the kids fell all over the floor, beating their fists on their ribs. One boy snapped his incisors with such force I thought he might throw sparks. “No teeth!” he screamed. “No teeth! How does it eat?!”

    Wednesday, February 7, 2018

                                        PRUITT  CHICKENS  OUT

    Dateline  Tulsa:  
    “The Pat Campbell Show”    
    Feb. 4, 2016
    Speaker  Oklahoma Attorney General   SCOTT PRUITT 
    Q: Do you support Donald Trump  for  President?
    A:  “ No.”
    Q: Why ? ]
    A:  “I believe that Donald Trump in the White House would be more abusive to the Constitution than Barack Obama — and that’s saying a lot,” 
    “I really believe he would use a blunt instrument. This president at least tries to nuance his unlawfulness.”
    Pruitt went on to warn that he feared  Trump would :
    “use executive power to confront Congress in a way that is truly unconstitutional.”
    Dateline  Washington  
    Senate Environment  Committee
    Jan. 30, 2018
    Asked by Senator Whitehouse if he recalled what he said on Tulsa radio
    SCOTT PRUITT  said : "I don't, senator, and I don't echo that today."
     At  hearing's end , Administrator Pruitt  issued this written statement:
    “it is abundantly clear that President Trump is the most consequential leader of our time...
    No one has done more to advance the rule of law than President Trump. 
    The President has liberated our country from the political class and given America back to the people.”
    At the hearing, several senators demanded Pruitt recuse himself on  grounds  of  prejudice  from  efforts  to  overturn  EPA CO2 regulations  by  fiat, since as  Oklahoma  Attorney  General,  he sued the agency 13 times  to do so, and  lost all 13 cases.