Tuesday, May 21, 2019

POTATO FAMINE FEARED AS GREENS GO POSTAL ON PLASTIC 

Subscription Rebellion

A RISE IN NUT CUTLET
PRICES MAY FOLLOW

All UK subscriber copies of the
LRB  will  be in  potato - based biodegradable wrapping from this issue forward.

Overseas  wrapping  will  take longer as every country’s postal service has different guidelines, but the hope is that eventually all LRBs  across the world will travel in non-plastic wrapping.
Chris Larkin
LRB, London WC1


        THEY DON'T MAKE CHEMTRAILS LIKE THEY USED TO

IN DAYS OF OLD, WHEN GASLIGHTING MEANT LIGHTING WITH  GAS, THAT LIGHT WAS BRIGHTENED BY THORIUM OXIDE 'WELSBACH MANTLES'.

THORIA'S CURIOUS INFRARED EMISSIVITY ENHANCED ITS INCANDESCENCE, AND LED HUGHES AIRCRAFT TO PATENT A NEW USE FOR THE OLD RADIOACTIVE REFRACTORY:

Sunday, May 19, 2019

       PALEODATA PUTS AOC 2020 PRESIDENTIAL RUN ON HOLD

  CANDIDATE NOW CONSIDERING 2156 & 2272 PRIMARIES

Temporal Scaling of Carbon Emission and Accumulation Rates: Modern Anthropogenic Emissions Compared to Estimates of PETM Onset Accumulation

The Paleocene‐Eocene thermal maximum (PETM) was caused by a massive release of carbon to the atmosphere. This is a benchmark global greenhouse warming event that raised temperatures to their warmest since extinction of the dinosaurs.
 Rates of carbon emission today can be compared to those during onset of the PETM in two ways: (1) projection of long‐term PETM rates for comparison on an annual time scale and (2) projection of short‐term modern rates for comparison on a PETM time scale. Both require temporal scaling and extrapolation for comparison on the same time scale. PETM rates are few and projection to a short time scale is poorly constrained. 
Modern rates are many, and projection to a longer PETM time scale is tightly constrained—modern rates are some 9–10 times higher than those during onset of the PETM
If the present trend of anthropogenic emissions continues, we can expect to reach a PETM‐scale accumulation of atmospheric carbon in as few as 140 to 259 years (about 5 to 10 human generations).

Saturday, May 18, 2019

CAN THE SIXTH EXTINCTION SAVE US FROM THE FIFTH ESTATE ?

WHAT'S NOT TO LIKE ABOUT SCIENCE JOURNALISM BASED ON

POLITICAL PLAYBOOKS?

The media are complacent while the world burns

By Mark Hertsgaard and Kyle Pope

APRIL 22, 2019

This article is being jointly published with The Nation, Columbia Journalism Review’s partner in a April 30 conference aimed at reframing the way journalists cover climate change.


... the US news media need to remember their Paul Revere responsibilities—to awaken, inform, and rouse the people to action. To that end, The Nation and CJR are launching “Covering Climate Change: A New Playbook for a 1.5-Degree World,” a project aimed at dramatically improving US media coverage of the climate crisis. When the IPCC scientists issued their 12-year warning, they said that limiting temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius would require radically transforming energy, agriculture, transportation, construction, and other core sectors of the global economy. Our project is grounded in the conviction that the news sector must be transformed just as radically... There is a runaway train racing toward us, and its name is climate change. 

YALE CC CONTINUES--

Climate crisis … meet journalism crisis

So it’s into this double-edged conundrum that enters the proverbial knight in shining armor. It comes in the form of a new consortium of journalism interests with the specific purpose of vastly improving media coverage of the climate crisis...With a $1 million grant from the Schumann Foundation and its veteran journalist and author Bill Moyers, the new initiative met at Columbia in late April amid an admiring crowd of like-minded media representatives and concerned climate activists. 
... the session featured speakers and panelists who presented a number of salient observations about the nuts and bolts – and also about the heart and conscience and the blood and guts – of journalism in this current era, some no doubt more realistic than others:
  • Author and activist Bill McKibben: “It’s not the job of journalists to see that people get upset, but the news is upsetting.”
  • Book author, opinion columnist, and self-identified provocateur and activist Naomi Klein: “It is impossible to be apathetic about the end of the world.” ...
  • Book author and journalist Hertsgaard discussed plans for “a journalist’s playbook for a 1.5 C [degree] world”
  • Author and TV veteran Bill Moyers... bearer of the $1 million Schumann check: quoted David Attenborough as expressing climate concerns and resulting prospects for “the collapse of civilization and the extinction of much of the natural world.”
[SOME MAY RECALL  BILL MOYERS  AS THE PRESIDENTIAL PRESS SECRETARY WHO COAUTHORED LYNDON JOHNSON'S GREAT SOCIETY PLAYBOOK] 

        TIM'S MAD AS HELL, AND READY FOR A NETWORK REMAKE


Until Trump, and very obviously with his exception, weak, ignorant, pandering, people lead the western nations...The major reason for the problem of poor leadership is that natural leaders, who are born, not nurtured, know the populace is not ready to be led. They also know that anybody who steps forward to lead immediately becomes the target of a media who believes its divine function is to destroy anybody and everybody

Ignorance is a problem in itself but it is compounds itself because people, especially leaders, will lie and deceive to hide that ignorance... They don’t even know that the claim that CO2, especially from human sources is causing climate change, is completely without theoretical basis.

I know that no world leader read this because if they had, they wouldn’t daily display their ignorance. We are led by ignorant, uninformed, people... these ignorant leaders imposed their ignorance on other leaders.

We are led by fools and incompetents who deliberately choose to stay stupid by not looking at even the simplest of information. Now with the Internet it is easily available so the only excuse left is personal incompetence.

    ACTUALLY, WE DID IT BECAUSE BILL MOYERS TOLD US TO

At the end of the day in this moment of time, The Guardian  is with due respect going forward 24-7 with measures to die for to prioritize a Style Guide upsurge in politically correct Carbonese C-words, to push the ongoing semantic agression situation outside the box of the global war on climate cliches:
Why the Guardian is changing the language it uses about the environment

 Environment editor

The Guardian has updated its style guide to introduce terms that more accurately describe the environmental crises facing the world.Instead of “climate change” the preferred terms are “climate emergency, crisis or breakdown” and “global heating” is favoured over “global warming”, said the editor-in-chief, Katharine Viner. “The phrase ‘climate change’, for example, sounds rather passive and gentle when what scientists are talking about is a catastrophe for humanity.”... The United Nations secretary general, António Guterres, talked of the “climate crisis” in September, adding: “We face a direct existential threat.”
FROM THE NEW STYLE GUIDE
Climate Camp disbanded in March 2011; its full name was Camp for Climate Action
climate change is no longer considered to accurately reflect the seriousness of the situation; use  climate emergency,  crisis  or  breakdown  instead
climate science denier or climate denier The OED defines a sceptic as “a seeker of the truth; an inquirer who has not yet arrived at definite conclusions”.
Most “climate sceptics”, in the face of overwhelming scientific evidence, deny climate change is happening, or is caused by human activity, so denier is more accurate

Friday, May 17, 2019

       THE GOLDEN AGE OF EXISTENTIAL THREAT INFLATION


A Yale Climate Connections
article citing an essay that warns climate journalists:
•  Don’t internalize the spin.
uses the word "crisis' sixteen times on its first page. 



Thursday, May 16, 2019

                               ON THE BEACH IN CANBERRA

                             NATURE  QUOTE OF THE DAY

“In answer to the question of how they go on, the scientists all say the same thing: because of the students.”
 Australian National University science writer Tabitha Carvan asked scientists how they keep going in the face of existential dread.
 PEAK GRAUN OP-ED BURNOUT HAS REACHED THE ANTIPODES
INSULATION AND AIR CONDITIONING NOT SO MUCH
Paralysed by climate despair, I’m finding it hard to think about the end of the world and what to make for dinner –... so I decide to interview scientists from different fields – the health sector, the human environment, and the climate system – about how to exist in the face of existential dread.
I think it started last summer, when our house became so hot during the heatwave that we spent an entire day in the air conditioning at Belconnen Mall. I mean, the whole day. At around 5pm, flopped on some wipe-down, synthetically upholstered benches outside Kmart, our kids begged to go home.
“Not yet.”
We waited until after dinner, when the air was crackling with lightning, and the temperature finally crawling back into the thirties. We opened the door to our house,... with no insulation, and only one dawdling ceiling fan for cooling. 
Standing on our doorstep, engulfed by the heat of the house, I knew we could not continue to live here, not if this summer was the ‘new normal’. The idea of this place as our home was over.
But when I think about it some more, maybe it started when my son was three and deep into his dinosaur phase. “Will humans go extinct too?” he would ask, over and over again, in the way of three-year-olds. “Will the world ever end?”
“Maybe,” I would say. “But in millions and millions of years from now...”
Then there was the heatwave and the bushfires in Tasmania, and the floods in Townsville, and news that all the insects could disappear, and the Great Barrier Reef turned into what looks like a pile of bones on the seafloor. And it didn’t feel so impossible anymore.
And my son, now six, is asking again if humans will go extinct. He’s left behind dinosaurs and moved onto a strange, gothic obsession with abandoned places. 


Wednesday, May 15, 2019

                       ONE DOES MOZART, THE OTHER DOESN'T

   HUR SÄGER DU STAGE MOTHER I SVENSKA?
  THIS POP STAR DIVA WAS FAMOUS FOR BEING FAMOUS LONG BEFORE HER DAUGHTER'S DAVOS DEBUT
IN 2004 SHE MARRIED SWEDISH SOAP OPERA STAR & CONCERT PRODUCER SVANTE THUNBERG AND IN 2017 LAUNCHED A BRILLIANT NEW CAREER IN CLIMATE P-R,   AS CELEBRATED IN SWEDEN'S ANSWER TO VANITY FAIR:
TWO YEARS LATER, THE SHOW GOES ON!

Tuesday, May 14, 2019

           And Now A Word From The President Of The Planetary Society


Bill had better watch his carbon footprint-- popping a Menthos into a liter of Coke to amaze Jon Oliver puts six grams of CO2 onto the air, and if this performance goes viral, his fabs could generate ~ 200 tons of CO2 a year.
Do not try this experiment without a Nomex lab coat 
and asbestos bow tie.

The Precautionary Principle would have been more sustainably served if Bill had delivered his rant before the Coke stunt & used the CO2 eruption to extinguish the burning globe.

Monday, May 13, 2019

                        IT'S A NAIVE LITTLE MUSCATEL,
         BUT I THINK YOU'LL ENJOY ITS CREOSOTE FINISH

Oregon Winemakers Turn Wildfire

 Losses Into Collectible Bottles

A new label  Solidarity,  fights fire with wine in  the Pacific Northwest




As climate change has become more destructive and unpredictable weather more commonplace, the threat to vineyards has become unavoidable. But in the Rogue Valley in southern Oregon, a test case is unfolding that demonstrates that even in the face of sizable crop loss and broken contracts—and the resulting inability to resell a sensitive agricultural product before it rots—wine grapes can be rescued.

“We’ve made a real effort to learn about smoke taint and how it might be managed, which is interesting because the West Coast is going to have issues with fires,” says Ed King, co-founder of the Willamette Valley’s 28-year-old King Estate Winery, now the largest biodynamic winery in the country.

King and his fellow winemakers have become adept at using fruit from fire zones. Some of the most popular vintages from Willamette Valley Vineyards, one of the state’s leading wine producers and the only publicly held winery in Oregon, are the 2002 Biscuit Fire Syrah and Merlot. (The 2002 Biscuit Fire was one of Oregon’s biggest wildfires in the past century.)

“People were amazed; the wines turned out beautifully,” says winery director Christine Clair. “The Syrah had deep notes of plum and blackberry and rich concentration. It’s a wine that has lots of life left in it.”

      SHE'S A POL FROM THE BRONX, SO IT'S TIME TO REVEAL
       HER ABSORBENT AND YELLOW AND POROUS NEW DEAL

AOC ACKNOWLEDGES HER FIRST CLIMATE POLICY GURU
Much of AOC's 2018 platform appears to derive from
    The 2008 Bikini Bottom Climate Policy Playbook:


THE ENDLESS SUMMER EPISODE ( 2008) SYNOPSIS
On his way to work fSpongeBob  spots a large factory pipe mounted on the restaurant's roof pumping carbon dioxide up into the pipe and out into the atmosphere. Mr. Krabs explains to SpongeBob that he is using global warming to his own advantage... However, SpongeBob has a plan to create a more effective endless summer.
Later, Mr. Krabs is seen in his office, playing with tiny wax figurines of himself and When Mr. Krabs exits his office and demands who turned up the heat, he sees seventeen boats pumping carbon dioxide into the air.
Outside, Bikini Bottom has become a burning wasteland. When Mr. Krabs finds SpongeBob throwing a tire on a fire, he explains that he is helping to cause more global warming. A mob of citizens are seen running towards the Krusty Krab... and Patrick explains to him that they are moving north, not being able to live in the new climate because it is too hot.

AMMONITES IN AMBER: SEA LEVEL RISE ON STEROIDS

WHAT CHASED IT UP THE TREE?

Extinct squid relative entombed 

in amber for 100 million years


The specimen (above) came to light when a collector in Shanghai, China, bought it for about $750 from a dealer who claimed it was a land snail. Under the x-rays of a computerized tomography scanner, though, the shell revealed the intricate internal chambers characteristic of ammonites.
The ammonite’s precise type confirms the Burmese amber is from the Cretaceous period, as previous dating studies have argued. But the 3-centimeter-long piece of ancient resin is a veritable surf and turf of land and sea creatures, also preserving at least 40 other animals—mites, spiders, millipedes, cockroaches, beetles, flies, wasps, and marine gastropods, the researchers report today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
To explain this unique amber piece, researchers have conjured up three scenarios. Perhaps resin dripped down from a forest next to a beach, catching first land critters and then seashells. Or a tsunami flooded low-lying trees, washing sea creatures into resin pools. Or, possibly, storm winds simply blew seashells into the forest. Regardless, scientists say, it’s a welcome surprise.



doi:10.1126/science.aay0227








Sunday, May 12, 2019

             THE ALLIGATOR ISOTHERM SLITHERS NORTH

                        CLIMATE CHANGE IS WHERE YOU FIND IT.  
LATE IN THE EISENHOWER ADMINISTRATION,  PRICKLY PEAR CACTI  BEGAN TO SPRING UP AMONG THE HOLLY AND SASSIFRAS TREES ON THE DUNES ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF NEW YORK HARBOR

TEN PRESIDENTS LATER, A NINE FOOT ALLIGATOR HAS TAKEN UP RESIDENCE WITHIN 250 MILES OF AMERICA'S GEOGRAPHIC  CENTER, ON A FARM ROUGHLY MIDWAY BETWEEN  NASHVILLE AND TULSA.

NEVER FEAR. AS SOON AS THE NAUGHTY REPTILE SPIES SENATOR INHOFE BRANDISHING A SNOWBALL, IT WILL FLEE BACK DOWN THE MISSISSIPPI WHENCE IT CAME.

Saturday, May 11, 2019

                      THE ADSENSE ALGORITHM STRIKES BACK

          THEY DON'T MAKE ICE AGES LIKE THEY USED TO   

ROBERT FROST CAN HAVE IT BOTH WAYS WITH WHITE-HOT ICE XVIII   

   ICE CREAM FROM HELL
The discovery of superionic ice potentially solves the puzzle of what giant icy planets like Uranus and Neptune are made of. They’re now thought to have gaseous, mixed-chemical outer shells, a liquid layer of ionized water below that, a solid layer of superionic ice comprising the bulk of their interiors, and rocky centers. @iammoteh for Quanta Magazine

Nanosecond X-ray diffraction of shock-compressed superionic water ice








Abstract
Since Bridgman’s discovery of five solid water (H2O) ice phases1 in 1912, studies on the extraordinary polymorphism of H2O have documented more than seventeen crystalline and several amorphous ice structures, as well as rich metastability and kinetic effects. This unique behaviour is due in part to the geometrical frustration of the weak intermolecular hydrogen bonds and the sizeable quantum motion of the light hydrogen ions (protons). Particularly intriguing is the prediction that H2O becomes superionic—with liquid-like protons diffusing through the solid lattice of oxygen—when subjected to extreme pressures exceeding 100 gigapascals and high temperatures above 2,000 kelvin. Numerical simulations suggest that the characteristic diffusion of the protons through the empty sites of the oxygen solid lattice (1) gives rise to a surprisingly high ionic conductivity above 100 Siemens per centimetre, that is, almost as high as typical metallic (electronic) conductivity, (2) greatly increases the ice melting temperature  to several thousand kelvin, and (3) favours new ice structures with a close-packed oxygen lattice. Because confining such hot and dense H2O in the laboratory is extremely challenging, experimental data are scarce... Here we use laser-driven shockwaves to simultaneously compress and heat liquid water samples to 100–400 gigapascals and 2,000–3,000 kelvin. In situ X-ray diffraction measurements show that under these conditions, water solidifies within a few nanoseconds into nanometre-sized ice grains that exhibit unambiguous evidence for the crystalline oxygen lattice of superionic water ice. 

The X-ray diffraction data also allow us to document the compressibility of ice at these extreme conditions and a temperature- and pressure-induced phase transformation from a body-centred-cubic ice phase (probably ice X) to a novel face-centred-cubic, superionic ice phase, which we name ice XVIII.
NATURE  Letter